Research Interests

​I am interested in the history of mass coral bleaching events and the rates at which corals acclimatize and adapt to rising ocean temperatures. My current research uses skeletal cores from long-lived massive corals to build a timeline of bleaching events over recent decades and centuries. Additionally, I am conducting reef-scale measurements of temperature, currents, and waves to evaluate the role of local heat budgets in driving coral bleaching events. 

Selected Publications

  • Coral resistance to ocean acidification linked to increased calcium at the site of calcification
    T.M. DeCarlo, S. Comeau, C.E. Cornwall, M.T. McCulloch
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285, 20180564 , (2018)
  • Repeat bleaching of a central Pacific coral reef over the past six decades (1960-2016)
    H.C. Barkley, A.L. Cohen, N.R. Mollica, R.E. Brainard, H.E. Rivera, T.M. DeCarlo, G.P. Loh...
    Communications Biology 1, 177, (2018)
  • Mass coral mortality under local amplification of 2 °C ocean warming
    T.M. DeCarlo, A.L. Cohen, G.T.F. Wong, K.A. Davis, P. Lohmann, K. Soong
    Scientific Reports 7, 44586 , (2017)
  • Community production modulates coral reef pH and the sensitivity of ecosystem calcification to ocean acidification
    T.M. DeCarlo, A.L. Cohen, G.T.F. Wong, F.K. Shiah, S.J. Lentz, K.A. Davis, K.E.F. Shamberg...
    Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans 122, 745-761 , (2017)
  • Coral calcifying fluid aragonite saturation states derived from Raman spectroscopy
    T.M. DeCarlo, J.P. D’Olivo, T. Foster, M. Holcomb, T. Becker, M.T. McCulloch
    Biogeosciences 14, 5253-5269, (2017)
  • Dissepiments, density bands and signatures of thermal stress in Porites skeletons
    T.M. DeCarlo, A.L. Cohen
    Coral Reefs 36, 749-761 , (2017)
  • 21st Century Rise in Anthropogenic Nitrogen Deposition on a Remote Coral Reef
    H. Ren, Y-C. Chen, X.T. Wang, G.T.F. Wong, A.L. Cohen, T.M. DeCarlo, M.A. Weigand, H-S. Mi...
    Science 356, 749-752 , (2017)

Education Profile

  • ​Ph.D., Marine Geology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA, 2017 

Professional Profile

  • 2019-Present: Postdoctoral fellow, KAUST, Thuwal, KSA​
  • 2017-2019: Postdoctoral researcher, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia 


  • ​John and Laurine Proud Fellowship at Lizard Island Research Station (2017)
  • National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship (2013-2016)

KAUST Affiliations

  • ​Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
  • Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering Division (BESE) ​​