News

Cryptic coral reef creatures show cross-shelf biodiversity patterns

Cryptic coral reef creatures show cross-shelf biodiversity patterns

Cryptic coral reef creatures show cross-shelf biodiversity patterns

Cryptic faunasmall organisms that inhabit the hidden spaces within a reef structurerepresent a substantial proportion of the diversity within coral reefs but are typically neglected in traditional visual surveys, which tend to focus on large and conspicuous species, such as fish and corals. Read more >>> Read more

Anemones rely on epigenetics during symbiosis

Anemones rely on epigenetics during symbiosis

Anemones rely on epigenetics during symbiosis

Anemones use epigenetic mechanisms to regulate the expression of genes involved in their symbiosis with photosynthetic algae, according to new research from KAUST. The same mechanisms may help them respond to environmental stress and could be harnessed to improve the resilience of anemones and corals to the challenges posed by climate change. A team at KAUST have sequenced anemone genomes using a technique that detects DNA methylation, a chemical tag attached to DNA that affects gene expression without altering the genetic sequence. They found that nearly 40 percent of anemone genes were methylated and that the methylation level of a gene correlated with its expression level. Read more >>> Read more

Keeping up with sea-level rise

Keeping up with sea-level rise

Keeping up with sea-level rise

Soil accumulation in coastal ecosystems could mitigate rising sea levels around the Arabian Peninsula, according to new research from KAUST. However, this mitigation will require efforts to preserve and restore these ecosystems. Human-driven climate change is raising sea levels around the world at increasing rates, threatening hundreds of millions of people living in coastal areas. Researchers at KAUSTs Red Sea Research Center worked with colleagues at the King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals to determine whether this increase could be mitigated by soil accretion in coastal ecosystems. Read more >>> Read more
Some text to avoid hideIfEmpty to hide entire web part zone.