Research Interests

​My research focusses broadly on the impacts of climate change and other anthropogenic stressors on non-calcifying coral reef cnidarians, including jellyfish. Specifically, my work investigates the impacts of changing ocean conditions on the productivity and photophysiology of endosymbionts that form symbioses with cnidarians. ​​​


Selected Publications

  • Symbiodinium mitigate the combined effects of hypoxia and acidification on a non‐calcifying cnidarian
    S. G. Klein, K.A. Pitt, M.R. Nitschke, S. Goyen, D.T. Welsh, D.J. Suggett, A. Carroll
    Global Change Biology, DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13718, (2017)
  • Pre-exposure to simultaneous, but not individual, climate change stressors limits acclimation capacity of Irukandji...
    S.G. Klein, K.A. Pitt, A. Carroll
    Coral Reefs, DOI: 10.1007/s00338-017-1590-9, (2017)
  • Surviving but not thriving: inconsistent responses of zooxanthellate jellyfish polyps to ocean warming and future U...
    S.G. Klein, K.A. Pitt, A. Carroll
    Scientific Reports, 6, 28859, (2016)
  • Reduced salinity increases susceptibility of zooxanthellate jellyfish to herbicide toxicity during a simulated rain...
    S.G. Klein, K.A. Pitt, A. Carroll
    Environmental Pollution, 209, 79-86, (2016)
  • Irukandji jellyfish polyps exhibit tolerance to interacting climate change stressors
    S.G. Klein, K.A. Pitt, K.A. Rathjen, J.E. Seymour
    Global Change Biology, 20, 28-37, (2014)

Education Profile

  • Ph.D., Marine Biology, Eco-physiology and Climate Change, Griffith University, Australia, 2016
  • B.Sc. (Hons), Marine Biology and Climate Change, Griffith University, Australia, 2012
  • B.Sc., Environmental Science, Griffith University, Australia, 2011​

Professional Profile

  • 2017-present: Postdoctoral fellow, KAUST, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
  • 2013-2016: Ph.D. candidate, Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, Australia
  • 2012-2016: Casual lecturer and tutor for Statistics and Applied Statistics, Griffith University, Australia ​​

Scientific and Professional Memberships

  • Australian Marine Science Association (AMSA)
  • Australian Coral Reef Society (ACRS)​

KAUST Affiliations

  • ​​Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)​​​​
  • Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE)​​