Acoustic surveys for juvenile anchovy in the Bay of Biscay: abundance estimate as an indicator of the next year’s recruitment and spatial distribution patterns

G. Boyra, U. Martinez, U. Cotano, M. Santos, X. Irigoien, A. Uriarte
ICES J. Mar. Sci., 70, pp. 1354-1368, (2013)

Acoustic surveys for juvenile anchovy in the Bay of Biscay: abundance estimate as an indicator of the next year’s recruitment and spatial distribution patterns

Keywords

Anchovy,  Juvenile,  Recruitment , Spatial dynamics

Abstract

​A series of acoustic surveys (JUVENA) began in 2003 targeting juvenile anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the Bay of Biscay. A specific methodology was designed for mapping and estimating juvenile abundance annually, four months after the spawning season. After eight years of the survey, a consistent picture of the spatial pattern of the juvenile anchovy has emerged. Juveniles show a vertical and horizontal distribution pattern that depends on size. The younger individuals are found isolated from other species in waters closer to the surface, mainly off the shelf within the mid-southern region of the bay. The largest juveniles are usually found deeper and closer to the shore in the company of adult anchovy and other pelagic species. In these eight years, the survey has covered a wide range of juvenile abundances, and the estimates show a significant positive relationship between the juvenile biomasses and the one-year-old recruits of the following year. This demonstrates that the JUVENA index provides an early indication of the strength of next year's recruitment to the fishery and can therefore be used to improve the management advice for the fishery of this short-lived species.                  

Code

DOI: 10.1093/icesjms/fst096

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