Characterization of light absorption by chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in the upper layer of the Red Sea

Malika Kheireddine, Mustapha Ouhssain, Maria Ll.Calleja, Xosé Anxelu G. Morán, Y.V.B. Sarma, Surya P. Tiwaria, Burton H. Jones
Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, (2018)

Characterization of light absorption by chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) in the upper layer of the Red Sea

Keywords

Red Sea, Chromophoric dissolved organic matter, Light absorption, Spatial distribution

Abstract

​The absorption coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) is a major variable used in developing robust bio‐optical models and understanding biogeochemical processes. Over the last decade, the optical properties of CDOM in the open sea have been intensely studied. However, their variations in clear water are poorly documented, particularly in the Red Sea, owing to the absence of in situ measurements. We performed several cruises in the Red Sea to investigate the spatial distribution of the absorption coefficient of CDOM. The spectral absorption coefficients were determined from 400 nm to 740 nm using a WETLabs ac-s hyper-spectral spectrophotometer. In general, we found a latitudinal gradient in the CDOM absorption coefficient at 443 nm (aCDOM(443)) from south to north that is likely influenced by the exchange of water through the strait of Bab-el-Mandeb and the thermohaline circulation of the Red Sea. However, high aCDOM(443) values were observed in the northern Red Sea due to the existence of a sub-mesoscale feature that may induce an increase in phytoplankton production and lead to CDOM production. The aCDOM(443) covaried with the chlorophyll a concentration ([Chl a],) despite a high scatter. Furthermore, the aCDOM(443) for a given [Chl a] concentration was higher than those predicted by global ocean bio-optical models. This study advances our understanding of CDOM concentration in the Red Sea and may help improve the accuracy of the algorithms used to obtain CDOM absorption from ocean color.

Code

DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr.2018.02.001

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