Corals are metaorganisms composed of the coral host, intracellular photosynthetic dinoflagellate symbionts, and associated microbiota. Together these metaorganisms form the foundation species of reef ecosystems. Dr. Voolstra's research aims to develop an integrated understanding of the ecology and evolution of the coral metaorganism on a molecular and ecosystem level to predict adaptive capabilities and biotic response to environmental change. The Red Sea provides a natural laboratory that allows us to study mechanisms of adaptation to future ocean scenarios. The ability to gain insight into coral resilience will provide critical guidance for improving strategies to support the sustainable use of coral reef resources and the conservation of ecosystem function.